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Nowadays we live the culture of waste, where everything is discarded. We throw away many of the things we buy when we no longer want them. Anything that we intentionally dispose is known as “waste”, visually stigmatised either as useless or as priceless cultural material. However, waste does not hold meaning per se. In Cradle to Cradle (C2C) theory, junk does not exist. It means biological and technical nutrients. Waste value is given through the power of design[1], which develops inventive solutions using less.

In Glasgow, “blue bin” recycling collection service was introduced in 2003. Blue recycling bins issued to kerbside and flatted properties accommodate a mixture of paper, cans, plastic bottles and cardboard. The collection frequency is only twice monthly and mixed packaging waste makes very difficult to recycle them off-site and, even worse, reuse them creatively in the same area. Packaging waste from businesses dumped on Glasgow’s streets spoils urban image. Council survey (2017) revealed that over 80% Glaswegians questioned in a looking for action on this issue, with 86% stating that GCC LES could do more about businesses waste management. They identified that commercial waste problems are associated with bins overflowing, accessibility and street litter generation. Refer to the “Cleansing Waste Strategy and Action Plan 2015 to 2020” (GCC LES)

[1] Papanek, V. (1971) Design for the Real World: Human Ecology and Social Change. New York: Pantheon Books


Regarding green urban reactivation, REPLASTICITY© is aligned with the principles of the New Urban Agenda Habitat III (Quito, 2016), which offers a theoretical framework to implement agile actions to resolve urban problems. For instance, the reactivation of public spaces is at the centre of key issues such as poverty reduction (lowering deprivation index); health (bio-remediation applied in contaminated brownfield and vacant lands); production (circular economies); crime reduction; and education (the city as an open classroom). Active citizens will integrate social technologies with waste reduce/reuse/recovery through inclusive design between local communities, governments, social enterprises, agencies and other stakeholders.

Remaking with waste is our societal/environmental challenge. DOT-TO-DOT© Community Consortium was created to co-develop creatively civic engagement, social education and health by connecting gap sites, waste and people in Maryhill/Canal, 636 Maryhill Road, G207ED:


How might open civic collaborations between community, plastic waste and municipal policy makers through urban data management, co-creation and remaking activities in Glasgow?

How might urban data work with incentives to nudge positive behaviour change in waste reuse, urban activation and social integration and inclusion?

How might we help people inform new, healthier or more sustainable habits using urban data and Internet of Things?

REPLASTICITY© is a Social Plastic Network. This initiative is aligned to socio-economic sectors in Scotland, Creative Industries (eco-design), Environment (waste reuse) and ITC (social technologies); co-led by Studio Pop. It is focused on social interaction of plastic waste as creative material culture and place-making. REPLASTICITY© is both community-led waste self-management and local plastic workshop (Remake Station). It will deploy portable remake stations to test/pilot remaking technologies in our city by connecting waste to design for society through eco-design, clinics and live projects.

Maps will offer a great visual opportunity to talk about the social waste and open data by capturing local knowledge and sharing this with other members of the community. Any “dot” on a map is data! When we share it openly, we create value for the whole community and the city in general. Numerous local organisations will be involved in mapping waste and our mapping trial will look to explore new media by involving our community in the mapping, opening the datasets and social map, giving people ownership over their own data.

As service design, REPLASTICITY© will extend the lifespan of plastics by remaking and co-creation. It will offset CO2 emissions by diverting them away from street litters/recycling centres/landfills as well as reducing the embodied-energy emissions.


  • The aim of REPLASTICITY© is to work with local communities to capture and record valuable mapping data by connecting plastic waste with creative practices, local businesses and residents to improve waste self-management in Maryhill area. As method, we will set up a 5-month remake station and civic workshops to reuse plastics, all digitally supported with waste geo-mapping and bin-sensoring technologies.


  • – Establish local waste self-management, monitoring and reuse through plastic remake stations and craft workshops, powered by tools/equipment, geo-tagged website, bin sensors.

  • – Enable social innovation and co-production between local businesses, schools, creative and industry/remakers through manual and digital waste entrepreneurship, reskill development, and innovative solutions.

  • – Co-develop social innovation between Scottish/European practitioners and research organisations to test/pilot craft and digital technologies applied in Waste Remake Stations.

  • – Implement “trash-to-cash” as social waste currency model and cultural material for community cohesion

  • – Educate citizens/business to reuse plastic waste generation

  • – Optimise back Council waste services in real-time (like MyGlasgow)


Maryhill residents, local businesses, front shops, ward 16, GCC Environmental Task Force volunteers, household waste recycling centres (HWRCs), local REVOLVE accredited organisations, eco-schools, municipality e-service (MyGlasgow), housing associations, street recyclers, social entrepreneurs, educators/researchers, and local stakeholders such as Scottish Canals, Stalled Spaces, GSEN, ADS, CCA.


TRASH-TO-CASH social currency: DOTS© are eco-tokens, remake exchange unit, that reward users when they collect, reuse or create with waste. Tokens can be spent/swapped on Remake Stations only as workshops, tools/equipment hire, materials or eco-products. REPLASTICO© digital development will be self-financed by membership fees, donations/crowdfunding of live projects, sponsor banners, online sales.



WP1: REPLASTICITY©. As digital management tool, it maps, collects, sorts, monitors and plastic waste locally. This mobile-friendly website will have an interactive Google map locations (widget) to allow users to collect, monitor/track and co-create with plastic waste by uploading remake projects. It will be prototyped, tested and observed in our experimental site as real-life urban setting. Initially, we will start to create/manage groups in Instagram, Tweeter and Facebook to geo-tagged plastic waste data and get users feedback:

WP2: REPLASTICARTS© are sensory bins that collect, self-sort and monitor 7 categories of plastic waste (toxicity levels) and update waste report using open source APIs. Sensors will identify the specific plastic, monitor/alert bin waste levels when they are approaching capacity, and display in REPLASTICITY© portal.


REMAKE STATION© is our portable plastic workshop that promotes innovative learning solutions by where Science and Technology meets Art and Design. We will purchase waste reuse tools/equipment for plastic baling, shredding, melting/fusing, extruding, cutting, sewing and 3D printing. In addition, we will run workshops/live projects to upskill Community to reuse/remake their own craft-made items.


REPLASTICO© is a local plastic boutique that connects wearing craft design, plastic waste and home-maker networks. We assist with experimental design, environmental education and creative production of reused plastic waste:

For evaluation on social metrics (monitoring, preview/review and assessment), we will use digital/live ecosystems to monitor, document and evaluate the impacts and success of trial locally.


REPLASTICITY© will be replicated in other areas of Great Glasgow with a social licensing that rolls out a series of portable workshops in partnership with Glasgow Chamber of Commerce, GCC LES, GHA, Stalled Spaces, Scottish Canals, eco-schools, local stakeholders. REPLASTICITY© community (digital development) will be self-financed by an administrative membership fee, donations/crowdfunding to live projects, sponsor publicity (banners), and online sales


REPLASTICITY© will be tested/piloted in other local authority areas like Angus, Argyll and Bute, East Dunbartonshire, East Renfrewshire, Fife, North Ayrshire, and Renfrewshire and cities like Dundee, Stirling, Edinburgh and Aberdeen; and in partnership with SFHA, Scottish Institute for Remanufacture, Stalled Spaces Scotland, ZWS, municipalities, regional/national stakeholders.



Open Glasgow

Future City Glasgow


Zero Waste Scotland

Zero Waste Scotland Tool kit and materials

Use citizen science in litter prevention

Recycle on the Go Glasgow

Recycling Scotland

Glasgow Waste Strategy

The Environmental Task Force (ETF)

Bin and Recycling Glasgow

The “Blue Bin” Glasgow

Future Maps Report

Citizen Engagement

Citizen Engagement Report

Community Mapping

Open maps

Stalled Spaces

Cleansing Waste Strategy and Action Plan 2015 to 2020

My Glasgow App

Linked Data

City dashboard